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History of Moncton

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Moncton was built on the site of an Acadian settlement known as Le Coude (The Bend), located at a curve in the Petitcodiac River, and likely settled around 1735. After the deportation of the Acadians in 1755, the settlement remained empty for over 10 years.

In 1766, a group of eight families from Pennsylvania arrived and started the beginnings of a new township. The settlement was renamed Monckton, after Lieutenant-Colonel Robert Monckton, the British officer who vanquished the French at Fort Beauséjour. However, a clerical error at the time of the Incorporation resulted in the “k” being dropped, and the name became Moncton.

In the ensuing years, Moncton flourished, establishing itself as a centre for shipbuilding and in 1855, the community was incorporated as a town. Unfortunately, the prosperity was short-lived, as the advent of steam and iron ships brought an end to the traditional wooden shipbuilding industry. In 1862, Moncton was forced to surrender its charter, relinquishing its status as a town.

In 1871, the Intercolonial Railway (forerunner of the CNR) established its headquarters in Moncton, effectively resuscitating the flagging community. A new era of prosperity rolled in with the trains, and in 1875 Moncton was again incorporated, adopting the Latin phrase Resurgo (I rise again) as its motto.

From that point on, Moncton continued to grow and prosper, finally becoming a city on April 23, 1890.